Greenhouse cultivation refers to a cultivation method of horticultural crops. Warm keeping, heating, light transmission, and other equipment (such as cold beds, hotbeds, greenhouses, etc.) and corresponding technical measures shall be used to protect the thermophilic plants from cold weather, and promote growth and early flowering and fruiting. Greenhouse cultivation began in France at the end of the 17th century. At that time, it mainly cultivated fruit trees such as citrus, and later expanded to grapes, peaches, strawberries, and other species.
Modern greenhouses generally cover a large area and are often of multi-span structure. Heating, cooling, lighting, shading, ventilation, dehumidification, irrigation, fertilization equipment, and carbon dioxide generators are installed in the greenhouses to regulate the internal environmental conditions for better growth and development of plants.
Advantages of Greenhouse Cultivation
1. Expand the cultivation scope of improved varieties and extend the growth period and fresh fruit supply period. The growth period can be greatly prolonged by greenhouse cultivation. The effective accumulated temperature is increased, and unfavorable factors such as frost-free periods and absolute low temperatures are overcome. Plants that require a long growth period, high effective accumulated temperature, and high safe overwintering temperature can grow in alpine regions.
2. Early bearing, high and stable yield. The greenhouse can effectively resist the harm of low temperature, rainfall, and strong wind that are often encountered in open field cultivation, so it can ensure smooth pollination and fertilization, improve the fruit rate and fully develop the fruit. In addition, the fruits have a longer period of nutrient accumulation after harvest, which is more conducive to the maturity of branches and buds and lays a good foundation for continuous high and stable yield.
3. Quick results and high economic benefits. The greenhouse can realize the real-time supply of fruits, making up for the off-season of the market.
Restrictive Factors of Greenhouse Cultivation
Humidity Requirements for Some Plant Growth
The relative humidity required for citrus growth is 75%, and the relative soil moisture content is 60% - 80%.
When the soil moisture content reaches 20%~40%, the growth of peach trees is the best.
The relative humidity of virgin fruit growth is 45%~50%, and the soil moisture content is 60%~70%.
The relative humidity required for pear tree growth is 60%~80%.
Cherry growth also requires humidity. The relative humidity at the flowering stage is kept at 40%~60%. The relative humidity was controlled at 60% during fruit expansion. The relative humidity shall be controlled at about 50% from the coloring stage to the mature stage.
Humidity control is also essential for cannabis cultivation, which has emerged in recent years. Too much humidity will cause mold to destroy the plant. It is necessary to install a dehumidifier and a humidifier in the greenhouse to achieve humidity balance. The relative humidity during the growth period should be 50% - 70%, and the relative humidity during the flowering period should be 50% - 60%.
Preair PRO Dehumidifiers for Greenhouse
Preair PRO series dehumidifiers are the best choice for greenhouse dehumidification. This series of machines have high dehumidification capacity, can be installed in a concealed way (ceiling mounted, attached to the wall, or placed on the ground), can be intelligently controlled, and monitor the indoor humidity level in real-time during use. The machine can be adjusted according to the best humidity range for plant growth, which can help the grower obtain the maximum economic benefits. If your greenhouses are not equipped with professional dehumidifiers, Preair strongly recommends that you should bulk buy high-efficiency and energy-saving PRO series greenhouse dehumidifiers to ensure your harvest. According to all the information and requirements you provide, we will offer you with a professional greenhouse dehumidification scheme.
Post time: Dec-13-2022